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Buddhist Art: Ajanta Caves India

Ajanta Padmapani The Ajanta Caves are situated in the state of Maharastra in India. The site is near to Bombay. We can reach at the caves from the city of Jalagoan, too. This city is just 25 miles away from the caves. Another city is Aurangabad. We can go to that city and reach Ajanta by traveling by road.

Padmapani, Ajanta Caves, India

The caves of AJANTA are the world's greatest monument. This ancient place is recognized as historical monument by UNESCO, too. In Ajanta, there are several caves. But only 30 caves are in good condition. The caves No. 9, 10, 19, 26 and 29 are known as Chaitya-grihas. The rest are called monasteries.

Though built up during the period running from second century BC to second century AD, these caves were discovered in the year 1819. Apart from the beautiful carvings done on the walls of the caves, the paintings done here are the most attractive thing for the tourists.

The travelers coming from all over the world love to see these ancient paintings done in Buddhist Style. Though most of the paintings here can be related to the period of 2nd century BC to 2nd century AD, some of them were done in about the fifth century AD. [Image courtesy By Anonymous [public domain], from Wikimedia Commons]

It is believed that these cave paintings are done by the Buddhist monks and other artists. Most of the paintings show the influence of religion. The characters painted are mainly Buddha and Bodhisattvas, a Buddhist monk. The artworks depict stories known as Jatakas. All the materials used in these paintings came from the local area. The artists have done their work on a ground of mud-plaster. The technique used seems to be tempera.

The Entrance

This is the entrance of cave No. 9, the main cave preserved. The half-moon curved gate is a major architectural design of Indian temples. In case of caves, such space enables to get more light inside of the cave; and it also facilitates the excavation of stones while carving the stones out of the caves. The excavation is done from top to the down in such caves' construction. (Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons )

AJANTA CAVE PAINTINGS

The caves of Ahanta are one of the greatest monuments of the world. Being ancient, this place is recognized as historical monument by UNESCO. Visit to these caves would be a memorable experience for any person coming form any place of the world. It is believed that the Buddha devotees and monks lived here and did the sculptures and the painting as part of their worship towards Buddha.

It is believed that these cave paintings are done by the Buddhist monks and other artists. Most of the paintings show the influence of religion. The characters painted are mainly Buddha and Bodhisattvas, a Buddhist monk. The artworks depict stories of Buddhism. All the materials used in these paintings came from the local area. The artists have done their work on a ground of mud-plaster. The technique used seems to be tempera.

Indischer Maler des 7. Jahrhunderts 001The artists, may they be sculptor of a painter, always try to depict the life of the people they live in. so had done the artists who did the artworks in Ajanta and Ellora caves. Here the depiction of all types of people of the contemporary social strata is done. We can see the kings and the slaves; the carvings and paintings of the divine musicians; and the dancers of the courts, known as Apsaras, the divine women dancers.

Head of Bodhisattva

These ancient caves were almost forgotten by the people living in the surrounding areas. Once a company of British soldiers passed from this region and the officers have found out these caves in nineteenth century. Otherwise these monuments were hidden under the green vegetation of forests of the state of Maharashtra. (Image courtesy By Indischer Maler des 7. Jahrhunderts [public domain], from Wikimedia Commons )

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