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Famous Temples of North India

Evening prayers at Har-Ki-Pairi Ghat in HaridwarIndia is a country where all the religions of modern world have their good presence. This had made India a liberal land for erecting huge monuments by the people following all faiths on earth.

Har-ki-pairi Ghat at Evening, Haridwar

The Hindu religion and Hindu philology extend from approximately 100 BC to AD 1800. This marks beginning of the modern period. As religion cannot be meaningfully separated from the culture of people following it, the temples are representatives of different cultures prevailing in different periods. So the religious places, the temples and monasteries, tell the journey of Indian civilization. If we look at the list of the religious places in India, we can see how harmoniously the people of India live. Followings are some of the temples representing the colourful religious embroidery of India.

Golden Temple, Amritsar

A devotee at Gurudwara Harmandir Sahib, PunjabIf any person comes to visit India, and he or she miss seeing the golden Temple situated in Amritsar, he or she would miss a lot of things. This is temple of the highest order for the followers of Sikh religion. Golden Temple or Harmandir Sahib is the most sacred place for the followers of Sikh religion. Built in sixteenth century (from 1588 to 1604), this temple is one of the most visited religious places in India. Those who come to India for a pleasure tour or a pilgrimage would certainly desire to see this marvelous temple and pay regard to it.

Situated in Amritsar, one of the biggest cities in State of Punjab in India, this temple is on a lake. Main temple is surrounded by water, and other buildings of the temple are on the banks of lake. The beautiful water surrounding the temple makes it stunningly attractive at night. The temple walls are gold-plated, so it is known as golden temple.

How to reach Amritsar : With a population of about two million people, the city of Amritsar is easily approachable. The city has its own international airport. All the domestic airlines and many international airline companies have the city on their flight schedules. It would be easy to book a ticket to Amritsar.

The city is well connected with the rest of India by railways and motorways. From here you can board a direct train going to Delhi, Jammu (Kashmir), Mumbai, Nagpur, Calcutta, Bangalore and Chennai. Indian railways provide one of the best train services to the tourists and passengers. You can book a ticket online or by contacting a travel agent.

Badrinath Temple

Badrinath Valley, along the Alaknanda River, UttarakhandSituated on one of the high hills of Himalayan range of mountains, it is a temple of Lord Vishnu. Now we can reach at the temple by motorway; but in past it was one of the toughest pilgrimages. It is one of the four most sacred temples of Hindu religion.

Badrinath Valley, along the Alaknanda River, Uttarakhand.

Temples of North India have the beauty of Himalayan mountains on which most of them are built. The Badrinath temple is near Indo-China border. The tourists visiting this temple would get two types of benefits. They would feel performing a pilgrimage to a sacred place. They would also enjoy the beauty of the unspoilt hills of mountain Himalaya, specially the Badrinath Valley and Alaknanda river.

Religious Importance of the Temple : Hinduism is the oldest religion in this part of the Earth. Hindus worship several Gods and Goddesses. Hindu temples are the places of worship where the idols of different Gods are placed and worshiped by offering regular prayers. Badrinath is the temple of Lord Vishnu. Temple is believed to be built by Adi Shankaracharya. Constructed in the ninth century, it is one of the oldest shrines in India. Situated within enclosure of the beautiful mountain peaks of Himalayan range, the temple complex owns its unmatched natural beauty.

How to reach at Badrinath : The tourists can reach at this place by road from Haridwar, which is 200 kilometers away from New Delhi. Considered to be one of the holiest shrines and being one of the four sacred pilgrimages in India, the temple of Badrinath attracts much traffic in summer. It is would be safe to put on warm clothes while visiting this area.

The temple is at the height of 3,415 metres (11,204 feet). During winter the temple remains closed for tourists. During this season entire area remains under heavy snowfalls. If a tourist is suffering from heart disease or similar difficulties, he or she should take care accordingly. It would be advisable to consult a physician before going to visit this temple.

The temple is located in a small valley situated on one of the high mountains. From Delhi we can go by train up to Dehradun that is capital city of the state of Uttarakhand. This city has also airport where domestic flights are available. Alternatively tourists can travel from Dehradun to Badrinath by motorway. The road to the temple is very safe, but the drivers should be very careful while driving. If any vehicle goes out of the road it can be fatal, as the valley is very steep.

Kedarnath Temple

Situated at the height of 3581 metres, this temple of Lord Shiva is one of the most visited sites in north India. It is 250 km from Haridwar and 450 km from New Delhi. One can go by motorway, up to the foot of the hill on which the temple of Kedarnath is situated. Thereafter we have to walk for 14 km.

Akshardham, New Delhi

In the matter of number of persons to visit, the Taj Mahal would claim first place. Every person, coming to India for the first time, wish to see this mughal monument situated in the city of Agra. If there is any place in India that can compete with Taj Mahal, in the matter of visitors coming to it, it is Akshardham temple, situated in the city of New Delhi. Almost seventy percent of total visitors coming to India do not miss visiting this sacred place.

This temple is also referred to as Delhi Akshardham. It is known as Swaminarayan Akshardham, too. The huge and situated in vast area, the complex displays traditional Hindu culture, and spirituality. It also depicts the Indian culture and architecture.

AKSHAR DHAM TEMPLE

The whole project was inspired by Pramukh Swami Maharaj, who is spiritual head of one of the fractions of Hindu sect known as Swaminararaya. The temple is the fruit of love and sweat of 3,000 volunteers and 7,000 artisans.

Kashi Viswanath Temple

Morning bath at the Ganges ghats July 2007This temple is one of the most ancient temples in India. It is believed that Lord Shiva had built this temple on the bank of sacred river Ganga. It is believed that this temple is built before 5000 years.

It is believed that the original temple of Lord Shiva was destroyed by Muslim Emperor Aurangzeb during his rule. He had also built a mosque on the very site of the temple. But we can see the relics of that temple behind the mosque. The present temple was built by Queen Ahilya Bai of the princely state ofIndore, India. It was completed in the year 1776.

Banaras, the Varanasi: Standing on bank of river Ganga, Varanasi is one of the most sacred places of Hindu religion. It is also known as Benaras and Kashi, too. The religious culture that this city represents is also associated with holy river Ganga. This river is considered holy by the followers of Hindu, Jain, Buddhism and other religions, too. Varanasi is mentioned in Hindu scriptures like Ramayana and Mahabharata. In past this was centre for learning culture and literature. In recent time, too, the city has many centres providing training in yoga and meditation.

How to Reach Varanasi : The city of Varanasi is situated in north part of India. It is one of the major cities of the state of Uttar Pradesh. The tourists can easily reach here from all other major cities of India, as it is well connected with other centres. To Travel by railway would be a good idea. Indian railway is one of the biggest networks of passenger and good transport in the world. Being a pilgrimage centre for Hindus, Varanasi has number of religions places. These places are major attraction for the tourists.

Ghats on River Bank : Ghat is a place on bank of a river where pilgrims take sacred bath. Varanasihas longest chain of Ghats. A boatman would help us to see all such ghats. It would be a very pleasant journey to sail in river while seeing all the sacred places situated on the bank.

Lotus Temple or Bahai Temple

Situated in south part of New Delhi, the Lotus Temple is the sacred place for the followers of Bahai faith in India. Like all the above temples, every person, irrespective of his or her faith, is allowed to visit this temple.

"There is one God; mankind is one; the foundations of religion are one." Bahá'í Holy Writings

LOTUS TEMPLE

As the purest symbol of beauty and purity, the representative of divinity, the lotus flower is revered in Indian iconography. In addition to the of beauty and symmetry in architecture, that is sufficient to immortalise this edifice, this temple is known for the pious response it evokes in the hearts of the people.

Images Courtesy: [ Golden Temple By Koshy Koshy from New Delhi, India (Obeisance Uploaded by Ekabhishek) [CC-BY-2.0], from Wikimedia Commons , Badrinath Valley By Subarno Banerjee from Farakka, India (The Valley) [CC-BY-2.0], from Wikimedia Commons , Mornig Bath at Ganghat Varanashi By Ilya Mauter [CC-BY-3.0], from Wikimedia Commons, Haridwar By Dirk Hartung from Bonn, Germany(Evening prayers at Har-Ki-Pairi Ghat in Haridwar)[CC-BY-SA-2.0], from Wikimedia Commons , AKSHAR DHAM TEMPLE [Photo courtesy PHOTOBUCKET , LOTUS TEMPLE [Photo courtesy PHOTOBUCKET Image at top Akshardham: By Juthani1 (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons ]

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